Lisinopril: Uses, Side Effects, Safety, Recalls and More

What is Lisinopril?

Lisinopril is a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), congestive heart failure, and to improve survival after heart attacks. It belongs to a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors).

Lisinopril works by relaxing blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow throughout the body. This reduces the workload on the heart and helps it to pump more efficiently.

It's usually taken orally in the form of tablets and is often prescribed as a long-term treatment for managing high blood pressure and certain heart conditions. As with any medication, it's important to take lisinopril exactly as prescribed by a healthcare provider and to follow their instructions carefully. Common side effects may include dizziness, headache, cough, and low blood pressure.

Lisinopril Uses

Lisinopril is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It is primarily used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure. Lisinopril works by relaxing the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily and reducing the workload on the heart.

What Are the Common Side Effects of Lisinopril?

Like any medication, lisinopril may cause side effects. Most people who take lisinopril do not experience any significant side effects. However, some common side effects may include dizziness, headache, cough, fatigue, and gastrointestinal issues such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Common Lisinopril Side Effects:

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Cough
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Headache
  • Nausea or abdominal pain
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Increased levels of blood potassium (hyperkalemia)
  • Impaired kidney function (especially in susceptible individuals)

Rare Lisinopril Side Effects

  • Allergic reactions (rash, itching, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue)
  • Severe hypotension leading to fainting
  • Elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine levels
  • Angioedema (swelling of the deeper layers of the skin, often around the eyes and lips)
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)
  • Blood disorders (such as reduced levels of red blood cells or platelets)
  • Changes in mood or mental status

Is Lisinopril Safe for Pregnant Women and Children?

Lisinopril should not be used during pregnancy as it may harm the unborn baby. It is important to inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant while taking lisinopril. The safety and effectiveness of lisinopril in children have not been established, so it is typically not prescribed for pediatric patients.

Lisinopril Recall

There have been no recent recalls of lisinopril. However, it is always important to stay updated on recalls and consult with your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any concerns.

Lisinopril FDA Approval

Lisinopril was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1987 for the treatment of hypertension. Since then, it has been widely prescribed and has proven to be effective in managing high blood pressure and heart failure.

Why is Lisinopril Prescribed?

Lisinopril is prescribed to help lower blood pressure and manage heart failure. It may be used alone or in combination with other medications to achieve optimal results. Lowering blood pressure can reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular complications.

How Should Lisinopril be Used?

Lisinopril is usually taken once a day, with or without food. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions and take the medication as prescribed. Do not stop taking lisinopril without consulting your healthcare provider, as abruptly discontinuing the medication may cause a sudden increase in blood pressure.

Other Uses for Lisinopril

In addition to its primary use in treating hypertension and heart failure, lisinopril may also be prescribed for other conditions such as diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease), left ventricular dysfunction after a heart attack, and certain types of migraines.

What Special Precautions Should I Follow for Lisinopril?

Before taking lisinopril, inform your doctor about any allergies, medical conditions, or medications you are currently taking. It is important to disclose if you have a history of kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, or if you are on a low-salt diet. Lisinopril may interact with other medications, so it is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and herbal products you are using.

What Should I Know About Storage and Disposal of Lisinopril?

Store lisinopril at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep it out of reach of children and pets. Do not use lisinopril if it has expired or if you notice any visible signs of deterioration. To dispose of the medication properly, follow the guidelines provided by your local pharmacy or healthcare provider.

In Case of Emergency/Overdose Lisinopril

If you suspect an overdose or experience severe symptoms such as fainting, difficulty breathing, or irregular heartbeat, seek immediate medical attention. Contact your local poison control center or call emergency services.

What Other Information Should I Know About Lisinopril?

It is important to attend regular check-ups with your healthcare provider to monitor your blood pressure and overall health while taking lisinopril. Inform your doctor if you experience any new or worsening symptoms. It may take several weeks for the full benefits of lisinopril to be realized, so be patient and continue taking the medication as prescribed.

Remember, lisinopril is a prescription medication, and it should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare professional. If you have any questions or concerns about lisinopril or its usage, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for personalized advice.

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