Jardiance: Uses, Side Effects, Safety and More

What is Jardiance?

Jardiance is a brand name for the medication empagliflozin, which belongs to a class of drugs called sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. It is primarily used to treat type 2 diabetes by helping to lower blood sugar levels.

Jardiance Uses

Jardiance is primarily used to treat type 2 diabetes. It is often prescribed alongside a healthy diet and exercise to help control blood sugar levels in adults. Jardiance may also be used in combination with other diabetes medications, such as metformin, to further enhance blood sugar management.

Common Side Effects of Jardiance

  • Genital yeast infections: Jardiance may increase the risk of genital yeast infections, particularly in women.
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Some individuals may experience urinary tract infections while taking Jardiance.
  • Increased urination: Jardiance works by increasing the amount of glucose excreted in the urine, which may lead to increased urination, particularly in the initial weeks of treatment.
  • Thirst: Jardiance may cause increased thirst or feelings of dehydration.
  • Hypoglycemia: While less common than with other diabetes medications, Jardiance may cause low blood sugar levels, particularly when combined with other medications that lower blood sugar.
  • Increased cholesterol levels: Jardiance may lead to a slight increase in cholesterol levels, particularly low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure): Some individuals may experience a decrease in blood pressure while taking Jardiance, particularly in individuals with a history of low blood pressure or taking antihypertensive medications.

Rare Side Effects of Jardiance

  • Ketoacidosis: Rarely, Jardiance may lead to a serious condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), particularly in individuals with type 1 diabetes or at risk factors for DKA.
  • Acute kidney injury: Jardiance may increase the risk of acute kidney injury or worsening kidney function, particularly in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease or dehydration.
  • Fournier's gangrene: Very rarely, Jardiance may increase the risk of Fournier's gangrene, a serious infection of the genital area.
  • Hypersensitivity reactions: In rare cases, individuals may experience allergic reactions to Jardiance, resulting in symptoms such as skin rash, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing.

Is Jardiance Safe for Pregnant Women and Children?

Jardiance is not recommended for use in pregnant women or children. The safety of Jardiance during pregnancy has not been established, and it is not known whether Jardiance passes into breast milk.

Jardiance Recall

As of the time of writing, there have been no recalls of Jardiance reported.

Jardiance FDA Approval

Jardiance received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2014 for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It has since been widely prescribed and used by healthcare professionals to help manage blood sugar levels in patients with this condition.

Why is Jardiance Prescribed?

Jardiance is prescribed to help control blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. It is often used when lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, are not enough to manage blood sugar effectively. Jardiance can be used as monotherapy or in combination with other diabetes medications.

How Should Jardiance be Used?

Jardiance is typically taken once daily, with or without food. The dosage may vary depending on individual needs and response to treatment. It is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider and to take Jardiance as prescribed.

Other Uses for Jardiance

While Jardiance is primarily used for the management of type 2 diabetes, there may be other off-label uses for this medication. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for guidance before using Jardiance for any other purpose.

Special Precautions for Jardiance

Before taking Jardiance, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions, allergies, or medications you are currently taking. Jardiance may not be suitable for individuals with certain kidney or liver problems, as well as those with a history of urinary tract infections.

Storage and Disposal of Jardiance

Jardiance should be stored at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. It is important to keep this medication out of reach of children and pets. If you no longer need to use Jardiance or if it has expired, it should be properly disposed of according to local regulations.

In Case of Emergency/Overdose of Jardiance

In the event of an emergency or overdose of Jardiance, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Contact your local poison control center or go to the nearest emergency room for assistance.

Other Important Information about Jardiance

It is important to attend regular check-ups with your healthcare provider while taking Jardiance to monitor your blood sugar levels and overall health. Additionally, it is essential to follow a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, to optimize the effectiveness of Jardiance.

Is Jardiance Dangerous?

Like any medication, Jardiance may have potential risks and side effects. However, when used as directed and under the supervision of a healthcare professional, Jardiance is generally considered safe and effective for the management of type 2 diabetes. It is important to discuss any concerns or questions with your healthcare provider.

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